WAEC 2024 LITERATURE ANSWERS

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LITERATURE IN ENGLISH

SECTION- A(Pls Answer One From each part!!!!!
(1)
In the play “Let me Die Alone” by John K. KaraBo, the deaths of Gbanya and Yoko are significant events that contribute to the overall plot and themes of the play. In other words Here is the key points of an account of their deaths:

Gbanya’s Death:
-Gbanya’s death can be accounted for as a result of his involvement in a tragic accident, It is revealed that Gbanya, while attempting to escape from a dangerous situation, falls from a high platform and suffers a fatal injury.
-Gbanya, the protagonist, dies at the end of the play due to a combination of physical and emotional exhaustion.
-His death is a result of his inner turmoil, guilt, and the consequences of his actions.
-Gbanya’s refusal to accept responsibility for his mistakes and his stubbornness ultimately lead to his downfall.
-His death serves as a symbol of the destruction of the old order and the need for change and renewal.

Yoko’s Death:
On the other hand
-Yoko’s death can be attributed to her deteriorating health condition. Throughout the play, Yoko’s character is depicted as someone who is battling a terminal illness. Her death, therefore, can be seen as a natural progression of her illness and serves as a poignant reminder of the fragility of life and the inevitability of death.
-Yoko, Gbanya’s wife, dies earlier in the play due to a broken heart and despair.
-Her death is a direct result of Gbanya’s betrayal and abandonment of her and their people.
-Yoko’s death serves as a catalyst for Gbanya’s downfall, as he is haunted by her ghost and the guilt of his actions.
-Her death represents the destruction of innocence and the consequences of Gbanya’s selfish desires.

The deaths of Gbanya and Yoko are tragic and poignant moments in the play, highlighting the consequences of human actions and the need for accountability and redemption.

 

(3)
WOLE, SOYINKA: The Lion and the Jewel Here are three instances of irony in Wole Soyinka’s play “The Lion and the Jewel” And The Key Points Needed.

(i)Baroka’s Impotence: One ironic element in the play is Baroka’s portrayal as a powerful and virile character, despite his supposed impotence. Throughout the play, Baroka is known for his reputation as a seducer of young women. However, it is revealed that his impotence is a ruse to trick Sidi into believing she can control him. This ironic twist challenges the audience’s initial perception of Baroka’s power and reveals the complexities of his character.

(i)Sidi’s Transformation: Another instance of irony involves Sidi’s transformation from a village beauty into Baroka’s wife. Initially, Sidi is depicted as a strong-willed and independent woman who resists the advances of the men in the village. However, she ultimately succumbs to Baroka’s charm and becomes his wife, which is ironic considering her desire for freedom and modernity.

(iii)The Photographer’s Exploitation: The arrival of the photographer from the city introduces another layer of irony. The photographer claims to be interested in capturing the essence of African beauty and culture, but he ends up exploiting Sidi for his own gain. He objectifies her and uses her image for commercial purposes, contradicting his initial pretense of appreciating and respecting African traditions.

These instances of irony in “The Lion and the Jewel” serve to challenge the audience’s expectations and highlight the complexities of the characters and the themes explored in the play, such as power dynamics, gender roles, and the clash between tradition and modernity.
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SECTION- B(Pls Answer One From each part!!!!!
(5)
In John Osborne’s play “Look Back in Anger”, sarcasm is a vital tool used to convey the characters’ emotions, frustrations, and social commentary. Here are some comments on the use of sarcasm in the play:
-Jimmy Porter’s sarcasm: Jimmy, the protagonist, frequently employs sarcasm to express his disillusionment with society, his wife Alison, and his friend Cliff. His biting remarks and ironic comments reveal his anger and frustration.
-Deflection and self-protection: Characters use sarcasm to deflect genuine emotions and vulnerabilities, shielding themselves from hurt and intimacy.
-Social commentary: Osborne utilizes sarcasm to critique post-war British society, targeting issues like class, gender roles, and cultural stagnation.
-Relationship dynamics: Sarcasm is used to expose the cracks in relationships, particularly between Jimmy and Alison, highlighting the tension and discontent beneath their surface interactions.
-Character insight: Sarcasm provides a window into the characters’ thoughts and feelings, often revealing their true intentions and emotions beneath their façades.

The strategic use of sarcasm in “Look Back in Anger” adds depth, complexity, and nuance to the characters and their interactions, underscoring the play’s themes of disillusionment, rebellion, and social critique. Emphasizing the underlying tension and conflict within the play.

 

(7)
Friday is an important day in the play “Fences” by August Wilson,
Friday is a crucial element in the play “Fences” by August Wilson. It serves as a symbolic day when Troy and Bono, his friend and co-worker, come together to engage in their weekly tradition of drinking and sharing stories. Friday acts as a catalyst for deeper character exploration and serves as a significant backdrop for the development of the play’s themes and conflicts.

Here Are Few Of My Key points
-This recurring ritual not only strengthens their bond but also provides a space for them to reflect on their lives, share their dreams and disappointments, and navigate the complexities of their relationships.
-The play begins on a Friday, setting the tone for the rest of the story.
-Troy and Bono’s weekly ritual of drinking and talking takes place on Fridays.
-The play’s climax, where Troy reveals his affair to Rose, also occurs on a Friday.
-Fridays serve as a reminder of Troy’s struggles and the cyclical nature of his life.

Overall, Fridays in the play symbolize the repetition and stagnation in Troy’s life, as well as the consequences of his actions.
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SECTION- C(Pls Answer One From each part!!!!!
(9)
In the short story “A Government Service Driver on His Retirement” by Ken Saro-Wiwa, the government driver’s reward upon retirement and death is a complex issue. Here are key points of some arguments for and against:

Arguments for:
-Dedication and loyalty: The driver has served the government faithfully for 35 years, deserving recognition and reward for his dedication and loyalty.
-Hard work and commitment: He has worked tirelessly, often under challenging conditions, and has been committed to his duties.
-Entitlement: After decades of service, he has earned his pension and other retirement benefits as a matter of right.
-Dedication and loyalty
-Hard work and commitment
-Entitlement

Arguments against:
-Corruption and complicity: The driver has been complicit in the corrupt activities of his bosses, profiting from their wrongdoing and turning a blind eye to their abuses of power.
-Moral culpability: By supporting and enabling corrupt officials, he shares some responsibility for their misdeeds and the harm caused to others.
-Unworthy of reward: Given his complicity in corruption, some might argue that he does not deserve a reward or praise for his service.
-Corruption and complicity
-Moral culpability
-Unworthy of reward

Ultimately, whether the government driver deserves a reward is a matter of moral judgment, considering both his dedication and loyalty, as well as his complicity in corruption. The story highlights the complexities of accountability and moral responsibility in a corrupt system.

 

(10)
The story “The Leader and the Led” by Chinua Achebe, presents a critique of authoritarian leadership and explores the theme of resistance to oppressive leadership styles.
The rejection of the lion’s leadership qualities may symbolize the rejection of autocratic, domineering, or self-serving leadership traits. It could also reflect the desire for more inclusive, fair, and participatory forms of leadership within the animal community. Here are the key points they include:
-Autocracy: The lion’s dictatorial and oppressive rule, making decisions without consulting others.
-Selfishness: The lion’s prioritization of his own interests and needs over the well-being of the other animals.
-Injustice: The lion’s unfair treatment of others, using his power to exploit and oppress.
-Arrogance: The lion’s pride and arrogance, believing himself to be superior to others.
-Lack of empathy: The lion’s failure to understand and consider the perspectives and needs of the other animals.

The animals reject these qualities, seeking a more inclusive, fair, and compassionate leadership that values the well-being of all.

 

*SECTION- D(Pls Answer One From each part!!!!!*
(11)
In the poem “Bat,” the poet D.H. Lawrence presents a negative attitude towards bats. He describes them as “queer little house-creatures” that are “like brown paper parcels.” The poet also mentions that bats “hide in corners” and “dart out with an air of galantry.”
-These descriptions suggest that the poet sees bats as strange and sneaky creatures that are not to be trusted.
-Furthermore, the poet compares bats to “old women” who “must be secretly in league with the devil.”
-This comparison reinforces the negative attitude towards bats, as it implies that they are associated with evil or dark forces.

In other words on one hand, the poet expresses:
-Revulsion: Comparing bats to “disgusting old rags” and “bits of umbrella” conveys a sense of disgust and discomfort.
-Fear: The poet describes bats as “wildly vindictive” and “grinning in their sleep,” emphasizing their unsettling nature.

On the other hand, the poet also displays:
-Fascination: The poet is drawn to the bats’ ” queer little bodies” and “leathern wings,” suggesting a morbid curiosity.
-Empathy: The poet acknowledges the bats’ “blind, helpless faces” and “tiny, terrified eyes,” revealing a sense of understanding and compassion.

Overall, the poet’s attitude towards bats is one of ambivalence, oscillating between repulsion and fascination, highlighting the complexities of human emotions and perceptions.

 

(12)
In “The Journey of the Magi,” the poet T.S. Eliot portrays the suffering of the travellers as a necessary part of their spiritual journey. The poem describes the harsh winter conditions that the Magi face as they travel to Bethlehem, including “the worst time of year for a journey, and such a long journey.”
-The poet also mentions the “camels galled, sore-footed, refractory” and the “cities hostile and the towns unfriendly” that the Magi encounter on their journey.
-These descriptions suggest that the Magi are facing numerous obstacles and challenges that make their journey difficult and painful.
-However, the suffering of the Magi is not portrayed as a punishment or a curse, but rather as a transformative experience.
-The poem suggests that the Magi’s suffering is necessary for them to reach their spiritual destination and experience the birth of Christ.
-The poet writes, “We returned to our places, these Kingdoms, / But no longer at ease here, in the old dispensation.” This suggests that the Magi’s journey has changed them, and they can no longer go back to their old way of life. Overall, the poem portrays the suffering of the Magi as a necessary part of their spiritual journey and a transformative experience that leads to a deeper understanding of the divine.

 

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